Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: Abbasid Dynasty: Religion and Science. In the modern world, there has been a tendency to consider religion and science to be mutually exclusive and unable to coexist in one society maintaining equal positions. However, a more peaceful synthesis is possible, and it is illustrated by the example of the Islamic world and the Abbasid caliphate in particular. There, in the Islamic world, the development of science and culture was vigorously encouraged by the reigning dynasty of Abbasids. Though originally theocratic in its nature, the state was a fertile ground for scientific achievements as the governors supported this initiative. This can be explained by the adherence to the Qur’an teachings that celebrating knowledge as a high value.
The Abbasid caliphate was a feudalistic state ruled by the dynasty of Abbasids. Being in existence from 750 to 1258, the state included the territories of the modern Arabic countries of Asia, a part of Central Asia, Iran, Egypt, and North Africa. The dynasty came to dethrone and replace the Umayyads who were in power at that time, and the claims for supreme power were justified by the fact that the latter didn’t belong to the Prophet Muhammad’s kin, even though they descended from the Quraysh tribe. The Abbasids, in their turn, are believed to have originated from the kin of Hashim and the Prophet’s uncle Al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib in particular. Thus, the descent virtually entitled the Abbasids to rule the caliphate and gave a more distinct theocratic “flavor” to the state.
The Abbasids’ replacing the Umayyads and coming of power was marked by numerous changes and reforms in military, political, administrative, and scientific spheres. In fact, the year 750 when the dynasty finally gained power, is believed to be one of the main turning points in the history of the Islamic world-leading it to the age of prosperity.
The entire reign of the Abbasid dynasty could be formally divided into 4 periods: first is the age of prosperity lasting from 750 to 861. second, the age of decline (861-946), being controlled by the Buyid dynasty in 946-1075. and the last – the period of suppression by the Seljuq dynasty (1075-1194). . .