Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses the levels of processing memory. The deep level of words processing (semantic level) will enhance their retrieval compared to the low level of words processing (phonetic and visual levels).
Memory is one of the most important mechanisms of the human cognitive system allowing us to perceive, interpret, store, and eventually retrieve information received in the process of cognition. Memory is responsible for how fast and effectively we recall the information that was once analyzed and stored by us. Without memory, it would be impossible to operate new data and therefore understand and learn anything. It is noteworthy that people have the ability to analyze and store all the information coming from all five sensory directions and our short-term memory can probably be regarded as one of the first stages of perception because it can last a couple of seconds (Baddeley, 1997). Methods of memory improvement have always been in the center of scientific research because establishing direct mechanisms that could help a person to mesmerize something would alleviate the lives of millions of people. Though the difference between short –term memory and long-term memory were established long ago, there are still a number of questions that have not been answered.
The first attempts to explain the process of information stored in short-term memory and it’s subsequent transferring to long-term memory was done by Atkinson, & Shiffrin who suggested that the information perceived with the help of sensory memory can only reach long-term memory in case of its rehearsal. Therefore, first, the information is captured by sensory systems of a human body, and if a person feels the necessity to keep this information it soon enters short-term memory. Its further way to long-term memory is done only with the help of either maintenance rehearsal or elaborative rehearsal (1968).