ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN JUSTICE

There are four basic ethical principles that should be observed while conducting community consultations. The principle of Autonomy requires that any notion of moral decision-making assumes that sensible agents are involved in the making of informed, as well as, voluntary decisions. A “reasonable volunteer” standard be used thus this principle is for the practice of “informed consent” which contains three elements: information, comprehension and voluntariness.

The principle of non-maleficence requires of us that we not intentionally create a harm or injury to the person, either through acts of commission or omission. In common language, we consider it negligent if one imposes a thoughtless or unreasonable threat of harm upon another. Providing a proper level of care that avoids or reduces the threat of harm is supported not only by our commonly held moral convictions, but by the laws of society as well. 

Beneficence insists on risk/benefit valuations “are concerned with the likelihoods as well as magnitudes of possible dangers and anticipated benefits” (Wright, 2013).  All possible dangers, not just physical or even psychological discomfort or injury, should be well-thought-out. The principle of beneficence necessitates both protecting individuals against risk of injury and contemplation of not only the benefits for the individual, but also the societal benefits that might be accrued from the research.

Justice requires that you select subjects equitably, treat people fairly and design research so that its burdens and benefits are shared equitably.
One should also avoid exploitation of vulnerable populations or populations of convenience such as prisoners and those incarcerated. Justice is usually described as a form of impartiality, or as Philosopher Aristotle once put it as, “giving to each one that which is his due.” This denotes the fair circulation of goods in the general public and entails that we look at the role of claim. This way the vulnerable population will be protected. 

References

Baren, J. M., & Fish, S. S. (2005). Resuscitation research concerning vulnerable populations: are added protections needed for emergency exclusion from informed consent?. Academic emergency medicine, 12(11), 1071-1077.

Wright, P. (2013, September 3). Autonomy and certainty for the legal sector. Retrieved November 20, 2013, from Human Rights Law Centre: http://www.hrlc.org.au/autonomy-and-certainty-for-the-legal-sector

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your essay today and save 15% with the discount code SUCCESS