Essay Question :
For understandable reasons, religious or spiritual buildings became the focus of various cultures’ manifestation of values through architecture.
Name two (2) exception examples of this sort of architecture, that have been studied in this class, from any of the following categories ( one building per category):
Imperial Rome, Byzantine Empire, Carolingian Empire, Islamic Empire, & The Americas
Next, explain the purpose of the building and describe the physical elements of each that express and reinforce that purpose and its’ significance.
Draw a simple diagram for each building including as much information as possible.
Pick a religious/spiritual building (prominent/iconic church, mosque or other religious structure) from any of the categories.
Explain why it goes beyond being just a “functional” building. i.e. The great pyramids aren’t just a place to house a dead body, a simple hole in the ground with a tombstone would do. Why the massive pyramid? This speaks to the ritual aspect of the culture and how the pharaoh represented a transcendent possibility of something like heave in the afterlife…..
You all should try to tie the actual architecture to the idea that it attempts to physically express that quality. Ex. Pantheon with the full spherical volume and the oculus to and from heaven, rising masses, axial dominance, highly articulated elements, attempts at the sublime through sheer size, allusions to nature with form – mountains,etc…..
Simply draw the buildings you chose to write about from memory as best as possible in diagrammatic form.
Extra Credit: Include more building examples from the other classifications (Imperial Rome, Byzantine Empire….) but limit to one buildings per category.
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