Journal Critique Template
- To what extent does the recent decline in suspensions reflect “reality,” as opposed to changes in reporting? And insofar as it is real, to what extent does it reflect improved student behavior, as opposed to changes in how educators respond to misbehavior?
- What do teachers think of newer disciplinary approaches, such as Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) and restorative justice? And under what circumstances, if any, do they think suspensions, expulsions, and other forms of “exclusionary discipline” are necessary or appropriate?
- What are teachers’ fundamental beliefs about how discipline should be maintained? What do they think we should be doing differently or better? And how do their views differ by teacher race and school poverty level?
Do disability labels have a negative effect on special education students?
survey on which the present study is based was developed in Summer 2019 by Fordham Institute research staff, with assistance from the FDR Group, a survey research public opinion firm located in NYC.
Summary of Methods
Participants: The survey sample comprises a nationally representative group of white and African American teachers in the United States who teach grades 3–12. Anticipating at least a 55 percent response rate, analysts at RAND selected a sample of 2,077 teachers to produce 1,219 completed surveys, for a final response rate of 58 percent
Setting: Survey respondents were given an opportunity to share their thoughts on school discipline via an open-ended question at the end of the survey.
Procedures: The complex design of some of our survey questions muddies discussions of statistical significance. But roughly speaking, our 95 percent confidence intervals are plus or minus 5 percentage points for the full sample, plus or minus 6 percentage points for the school-poverty or racial sub samples
Report Data: In areas of high poverty, we have got higher cases of indiscipline. Due to decline in suspensions the indiscipline levels have risen all over a sudden.
Efficiency Data (if reported): None reported
Reliability Data: None reported
Validity Data (if reported): None reported
From this study it has revealed that students who come from poverty-stricken areas are indiscipline and lack of punishment in schools is also contributing to the indiscipline cases.
Vara-Orta, Fransisco. “It’s official: DeVos has axed Obama discipline guidelines meant to reduce suspensions of students of color.” Chalkbeat, December21,2018. https://chalkbeat.org/posts/us/2018/12/21/its-official-devos-scraps-obama-discipline-rules-meant-to-reduce-suspensions-of-students-of-color/.