Do disability labels have a negative effect on special education students?
For the study data designated of the special education students from John W. North High Schools in Riverside, California A 10 question survey was used to survey the students on perceived effects of labels on the special education students and the perceptions of themselves.
Summary of Methods
Participants: For this we had 75 students who were selected for the study. Thirty-four male students and 41 female students participated in the survey. Of these seventy-five 56 students are eligible for special education services as students with a Specific Learning Disability, 8 students are eligible for services under Other Health Impairment, 7 students are eligible for special education with a Speech and Language Impairment and lastly 4 students are eligible for services as a student with Autism. These students included grades 9-12.
Setting: Our team administered the survey to a select number of students to determine if the questions on our survey could be easily understood by the special education students ranging in intellectual abilities. The students that participated in the “pilot survey” included students from a special education special day class for students with mild to moderate disabilities which included students with specific learning disabilities, other health impairments and students that are eligible for services as students with autism.
Procedures: we developed a ten-item survey/ questionnaire using Survey Monkey to assess student’s own perceptions and understanding of their educational label. The students utilized an online survey service (surveymonkey.com) to answer the survey. The hard-copy answers to the anonymous surveys were then inputted into the Survey Monkey data base and were made available for our team to review the findings.
Report Data: The results from the study indicated that the students understood what labeling was for them and how this was impacting them in one way or the other. They felt that learning was important to them and they were being selected by those who were around them together with their parents making education to be important for future.
Efficiency Data (if reported): None reported
Reliability Data: None reported
Validity Data (if reported): None reported
The study has revealed that labeling not only affects a student’s own perceptions, but that of their teachers and parents. The perceptions of the special education label have been found to have a great impact on student academic success. In addition, labeling may perpetuate stereotypes which may pose a disadvantage on the student. I agree with the findings that labeling could impact the student, teacher and even other people. Based on the research and the survey results together with other readings I have gone through labeling could have a great negative impact to the student.
Carter, S. (2002). Helping Parents and Educators Create Solution that Improve Results for Students with Disabilities. Retrieved from http://www.directionservice.org/cadre/ pdf/the%20impact%20of%20parent%20family%20involvement.pdf