Hi, need to submit a 2250 words paper on the topic Motivational Concept- Early Sexual Development. Personality theorists theorise personality from different aspects, which is done by emphasising on a different aspect of personality. Some theorists’ theorised personality by describing psychodynamics, some described structure of personality. many gave emphasis on the social construct, perceived reality, and learning. Though they viewed the personality of a human being from different viewpoint these theories obviously have interconnection with each other. .
The motivational concept refers to processes aspect of behaviour. The pleasure/hedonic motives stress on seeking pleasure and avoiding pain by either tension reduction or getting an incentive. The physiological needs create tension in human being and s/he tries to reduce this by satisfying those needs and gets incentive by achieving the goal. Individual also strives for self-fulfilment and has a need for consistency and need to know. Growth and development of individual and development of individual difference are dependent on two interconnected factors, they are genetic and environmental factors. Motivation is the individual’s inner directing force, need (for food, shelter, warmth etc.). which arouses organism and direct individual toward a goal-directed behaviour. William James (1890) stated that humans are motivated by a variety of instincts, i.e. a biological force that predisposes one to behave in a certain way. This is innate, rigidly patterned and species-specific.
Freud believed that instincts motivate human behaviour, such as “sucking reflex, facial expressions like smiling, hunger, thirst, warmth, helping, aggression, mate selection” (“Motivation & Emotion”, 2008). He conceived that individuals had both life instincts (the Eros) and death instincts (the Thanatos). .