Hi, need to submit a 2500 words paper on the topic Comparison of Villa Rotonda and Palazzo Della Ragione or Basilica.
Andrea Palladio was one of the most famous renaissance architects, who single-handedly transformed the city of Vicenza changing its landscape with imposing villas, palaces, churches, and public buildings. Palladio was responsible for replacing the Gothic style with a harmony and balance of classical style complementing the renaissance taste. The Palladian architecture was characterized by symmetrical planning, proportionate consideration of mass and volume and their harmony to the human form, innovative ideas in construction and engineering, preference for classical elements such as columns, arches, atriums, and rich sculptural decorations.
Three incidents during this period necessitated the building of Villas in Venice. The attack by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the Spanish expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492, and Vasco da Gama’s discovery of a new sea route to Asia in 1497, finally brought security to Venice, to develop large scale agriculture. To fulfill this requirement, a group of entrepreneurs, comprising the nobility in Venice, with money to clear the land and drain the swamps and start agricultural activities, came forward.
These rich people needed houses to reflect grandeur, but suited to the purpose of country living. The houses had to be magnificent yet inexpensive, comfortable but suited to the purposes of a large agricultural establishment that required places to store grain and wine and accommodate a large number of farmhands. In this historical context, Andrea Palladio suggested his three-part solution and thus was born the legendary villas in the Palladian style. The Renaissance buildings have a plan with asymmetrical appearance.
Certain components such as the façade, columns and pilasters, arches, vaults, domes, were present in renaissance buildings. The most relevant thing about renaissance architecture was that it was not restricted to practice but ideas could .be disseminated because of the availability of printing. . .