Need help with my writing homework on Utilitarianism and Photo Manipulation. Write a 1750 word paper answering; In the everyday operations of a journalist, the ability to make sound and positive ethical decisions that can benefit a large population is the descriptive element that defines a great journalist. According to Smith (2011), journalists are literary ‘public servants’ whose major duty is to provide the mass with undiluted information about the many occurrences they capture. However, the same journalists may sometimes be under pressure to avail to the public only news and information that they subjectively deem relevant and harmless. They may sometimes edit videos and photos they capture based on their preferences and the individual/organizational goals they want the videos and photos to meet. This has been a point of contention for a long time as different perspectives have come up with diverse opinions regarding this particular when viewed from moral lenses.
One major theory that has constantly conflicted with photojournalism is the utilitarian theory of ethics. Questions have been raised over the issue basically exploring whether photojournalism manipulation observes the principles enshrined in the utilitarian theory of ethics. There are many practical instances where photojournalists have manipulated the images through technologies such as Photoshop among others for personal interests. something that has brought several moral concerns. In this paper, attempts are made to explore comprehensively the issue of photo manipulation viewed from the angle of utilitarian ethics perspective. Utilitarian theory is a major defense that underpins photo manipulation in journalism.
Presentation of Utilitarianism Theory of Ethics
According to Peck and Reel (2013), every individual and organization has an obligation to structure their roles and behaviors to produce results that are beneficial to a larger population of society. The major responsibility that individuals should be tasked and be preoccupied with is the duty of ensuring the bigger portion of the population is comfortable. Principally, ethics is about standards that safeguard appropriate practice and behavior for a better society.