Write 7 pages thesis on the topic the african union and its effectiveness in implementing womens rights to support women rape victims. The effectiveness of legal frameworks in addressing the issue of sexual violence with reference to the Maputo declaration is also evaluated as a theoretical framework, thereafter proposing a suitable conceptual framework to address the issue.
World over, attention has been drawn to the numerous challenges that women experience in spite of their critical role in society. Of particular concern among these challenges is violence, which comes in various forms namely. sexual violence, physical violence, verbal abuse, and even psychological abuse. According to Koenig, 2003, domestic violence against women is very rampant, and the reasons fronted included, women, questioning the actions of their husbands, infidelity, or rejecting sexual advances. Currently, women are faced with an immense injustice of sexual violence, particularly rape, forceful marriage, and indecent assault.
Sexual violence in Africa has found a viable medium in the form of armed conflicts through which it is now perpetuated. War has exacerbated what is now an elaborate and serious crime against women. It is even worse to realize that these heinous acts involve even security and army officers. In situations of such conflict, it is now obvious that women will be victims of sexual mutilation, forced pregnancy, sexual slavery, and rape (Baker, 2010). The Humans Rights Watch Of 1999 that did an inquiry into the genocide in Rwanda documented a chilling revelation of how women rape was widespread. These rape cases included the use of objects such as sharp sticks and gun barrels. Besides, some women were held in sexual slavery while others were sexually mutilated. Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) according to Amnesty International report of 2004 had 40,000 women forcefully raped by combatants in the period of 2000-2005.
When the women undergo such ordeals, they are left to live with the negative consequences that follow rape. The women are left to live with the stigma of bearing children of rape and the stigma is even worse in communities where sexual purity is of great significance (Liebling-Kalifani, 2007).