It is pertinent here to understand the genesis of the American dream. Warshauer (2003) defines the American dream, “Traditionally, Americans have sought to realize the American dream of success, fame, and wealth through thrift and hard work. However, the industrialization of the 19th and 20th centuries began to erode the dream, replacing it with a philosophy of ‘get rich quick’.” Gatsby owed his idea to achieve the American idea of Benjamin Franklin’s autobiography.Whereas Ceremony, by Leslie Silko, is a narrative of resilience and the protagonist overcomes the hardships and a series of challenges to reach the stipulated goal.
Ceremony reminds us of the Grail stories where the protagonist must prove his/her worth to be worthy to be its presence. Allen, while discussing in her article, Special Problem in Teaching Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony, has the point to make that reading the works of Native American writer without understanding ethnographic and historical sheen is an exercise in futility, “because texts either derived from or directly connected to tradition, are firmly embedded within the matrix of their cultural base.
” (Allen,1990) The protectiveness of the native people towards their tradition is legendry. The Pueblos are expected to know no more than is necessary, ‘sufficient and congruent with their spiritual and social place.” (Allen,1990)F. Scott Fitzgerald is the author of The Great Gatsby. He writes as if he is Nick Carraway. Gatsby’s fascination with Daisy is a reflection of a woman Fitzgerald loved in his own life. He combines the personality of Nick Carraway and Gatsby. He speaks as if he is Nick and he writes about Gatsby on the basis of his own experience.
The Great Gatsby is an example for dreams and their interpretations. Every character in this novel has a certain dream. .The biggest dreamer is the great Gatsby himself. Gatsby goes overboard for Daisy, the beautiful and extravagant wife of the rich, handsome, and immoral Tom Buchanan. He throws an elaborate party every weekend at his sprawling mansion in East Egg near New York. He does this in the hope of attracting the attention of Daisy who loved him once. That was in 1917 when he joined the army and had to leave to fight in World War I. .